Federal IDEA and Section 504
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is a law that ensures a free appropriate public education (FAPE), and special education and related services to eligible children with disabilities in the least restrictive environment (LRE). IDEA defines students with disabilities as those, ages 3 through 21, who have been identified under one of the 13 disability categories. In order to be eligible for special education services (and and IEP), the disability must adversely affect educational performance.
For more information on IDEA, click here
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 eliminates discrimination against public school students with disabilities including students with food allergies and students with attention needs who meet certain criteria. Unlike the IDEA, Section 504 does not limit coverage to certain specific categories of disabilities. A student with a disability under Section 504 is defined as “one who (1) has a physical or mental health impairment that substantially limits a major life activity (2) has a record of such an impairment, or (3) is regarded as having such an impairment.” A 504 plan outlines how a child’s specific needs are met with accommodations and modifications and/or other services in the general education setting.
See below for more information regarding food allergies:
CPS Nutrition Information >
Nut-Free School Policy >